Linklater & Warren
Chislehurst -
020 8295 5131
Linklaters Optometrists
Bexleyheath -
020 8303 4014
Leslie Warren Opticians
Sevenoaks -
01732 452 135

The Eye Examination



Expert eye examinations

We strive to provide you with eye care of the very highest standard. Our Optometrists are highly trained and share a passion for excellent clinical care. Whether you have a family history of glaucoma, unusual prescription, complex ocular or medical history, we have the skills, experience and latest diagnostic equipment needed to meet your eye care needs.

The Eye Examination

What does the Eye Examination involve?

There is more to the Eye Examination than testing sight and prescribing glasses, although these are obviously important elements. Routine eye examinations are a vital part of preventative health care. Many eye and sight problems do not cause symptoms and are therefore only detected via routine screening. The eye health checks performed during the eye examination allow for early diagnosis and facilitate prompt treatment, in some cases preventing visual loss.

Although your eye examination will be tailored to meet your individual needs the following components are commonly included in eye examinations:

  • History and Symptoms - Your Optometrist will ask you about any problems that you may be having with your eyes or vision. Further questions will be cantered about your ocular, medical and family history.  Your Optometrist will also want to get an insight into your lifestyle and occupation so any advice given is relevant to you.
  • Measurement of vision - your vision is recorded both with and without any existing spectacles.
  • Binocular vision assessment – a series of tests to check the function of the muscles that control eye movements.
  • Pupil assessment – used to ensure your pupils react normally.
  • Retinoscopy and Refraction – the ‘sight test’ component of an eye examination.  This determines your spectacle prescription if you have one and measures how well you can see with this.  Your Optometrist will advise you of any need for glasses and suggest those best suited to your needs.
  • Intraocular Pressures (IOPs) – this test measures your eye pressures. Having raised eye pressures put you at risk of glaucoma. Your eye pressures are measured using an instrument called the Goldmann tonometer. This is the same technique by Ophthalmologists in the hospital and is more accurate that the more common ‘air-puff’ technique used by most Optometrists. The Goldmann tonometer results in fewer unnecessary referrals for high eye pressures and its use is particularly important when examining those believed to be at risk of glaucoma.
  • Slit lamp examination - A detailed health check of the front of the eye.
  • Ophthalmoscopy - A detailed health check of the inside of the eye.
  • Visual Fields – a test used to carefully measure your peripheral vision.  Screening visual field tests take less than a minute per eye and are often used in first instance.  A more detailed visual field test is performed when the screening test is insufficient or shows a potential problem.

Where necessary your Optometrist may advise additional tests that will aid in your diagnosis and management. These may include:

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